History Meme | The Six Wives of Henry VIII
"King Henry the Eighth,
to six wives he was wedded.
One died, one survived,
two divorced, two beheaded.”
Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon before Papal Legates at Blackfriars, 1529
By Frank O. Salisbury
Oil on canvas, 1910
Long-lost picture of Henry VIII as a child discovered
The unknown painting, which is contained in a passional manuscript, shows the monarch as a young boy, weeping upon a bed with his two sisters.
The book is believed to have been written and donated to Henry the VII upon the death of his wife Elizabeth of York, and passed into the possession of a noble family.
The picture, one of several dozen in the Vaux passional, shows Henry as a child, with his red head buried in his arms on his late mother’s bed. His sisters Mary and Margaret are depicted sitting on the floor near to him, while his father sits on a throne in the foreground.
Saying Henry VIII was depicted as a child “very infrequently,” he added: “He felt the death of his mother more than anybody; it really, really rocked him. He was absolutely inconsolable.
History Meme | 1/9 Monarchs | Anne Boleyn
“She who has been the Queen of England on earth will today become a Queen in Heaven.” —
In February/March 1526, Henry VIII began his pursuit of Anne. She resisted his attempts to seduce her, refusing to become his mistress as her sister Mary had. It soon became the one absorbing object of Henry’s desires to annul his marriage to Queen Catherine so he would be free to marry Anne. When it became clear that Pope Clement VII would not annul the marriage, the breaking of the power of the Catholic Church in England began. In 1532, Henry granted her the Marquesate of Pembroke.
Henry and Anne married on 25 January 1533. On 23 May 1533, Thomas Cranmer declared Henry and Catherine’s marriage null and void; five days later, he declared Henry and Anne’s marriage to be good and valid. Shortly afterwards, the Pope decreed sentences of excommunication against Henry and Cranmer. As a result of this marriage and these excommunications, the first break between the Church of England and Rome took place and the Church of England was brought under the King’s control. Anne was crowned Queen of England on 1 June 1533. On 7 September, she gave birth to the future Queen Elizabeth I, whose gender disappointed Henry. However, he was not entirely discouraged, for he said that a son would surely follow and professed to love Elizabeth. Three miscarriages followed, however, and by March 1536, Henry was courting Jane Seymour.
Henry had Anne investigated for high treason in April 1536. On 2 May she was arrested and sent to the Tower of London, where she was tried before a jury of peers – which included Henry Percy, her former betrothed, and her own uncle, Thomas Howard – and found guilty on 15 May. She was beheaded four days later. Modern historians view the charges against her, which included adultery, incest, and witchcraft, as unconvincing.
Following the coronation of her daughter, Elizabeth, as queen, Anne was venerated as a martyr and heroine of the English Reformation, particularly through the works of John Foxe. Over the centuries, she has inspired or been mentioned in numerous artistic and cultural works. As a result, she has retained her hold on the popular imagination. Anne has been called “the most influential and important queen consort England has ever had”, since she provided the occasion for Henry VIII to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, and declare his independence from Rome.
the virgin queen (2006)